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<div style="margin: 0px;"><font size="5" color="#212121" style="font-family: Calibri, sans-serif, serif, EmojiFont;"><span style="font-size: 18pt;"><b><span>“Won’t somebody&nbsp;please&nbsp;think of the children?” Hate speech, harm, and childhood</span></b></span></font></div>
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<div style="margin: 0px;"><font size="2" color="#212121" style="font-family: Calibri, sans-serif, serif, EmojiFont;"><span style="font-size: 15px;"><b><span>Bob Simpson (Monash)</span></b></span></font><font size="2" color="#212121" style="font-family: Calibri, sans-serif, serif, EmojiFont;"><span style="font-size: 9.5pt;"><b><br>
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<div style="margin: 0px;"><font size="3" style="font-family: Calibri, sans-serif, serif, EmojiFont;"><span style="font-size: 12pt;">&nbsp;</span></font></div>
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<div style="margin: 0px;"><font size="2" color="#212121" style="font-family: Calibri, sans-serif, serif, EmojiFont;"><span style="font-size: 9.5pt;"><b>Date:&nbsp;Tuesday, 16</b></span></font><font size="2" color="#212121" style="font-family: Calibri, sans-serif, serif, EmojiFont;"><span style="font-size: 9.5pt;"><b>th</b></span></font><font size="2" color="#212121" style="font-family: Calibri, sans-serif, serif, EmojiFont;"><span style="font-size: 9.5pt;"><b>&nbsp;of
 May&nbsp;</b></span></font><font size="2" color="#212121" style="font-family: Calibri, sans-serif, serif, EmojiFont;"><span style="font-size: 9.5pt;"><b><br>
Time:&nbsp;13:00 - 14:00</b></span></font><font size="2" color="#212121" style="font-family: Calibri, sans-serif, serif, EmojiFont;"><span style="font-size: 9.5pt;"><b><br>
Venue:&nbsp;</b></span></font><font size="2" color="#212121" style="font-family: Calibri, sans-serif, serif, EmojiFont;"><span style="font-size: 9.5pt;"><b>W6A 708</b></span></font><font size="2" color="#212121" style="font-family: Calibri, sans-serif, serif, EmojiFont;"><span style="font-size: 9.5pt;"><b>,
 Macquarie University</b></span></font></div>
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<div style="margin: 0px;"><font size="3" style="font-family: Calibri, sans-serif, serif, EmojiFont;"><span style="font-size: 12pt;">&nbsp;</span></font></div>
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<div style="margin: 0px;"><font size="2" color="#212121" style="font-family: Calibri, sans-serif, serif, EmojiFont;"><span style="font-size: 10pt;"><b>Abstract:&nbsp;</b>Many authors claim that hate speech harms its targets and society at large. A&nbsp;prima facie&nbsp;plausible
 hypothesis about how this occurs is that hate speech has a profound and pernicious influence on the attitudes of children. Here I explore the merits of this hypothesis in relation to (i) justifications for anti-hate speech law, and (ii) broader questions about
 the role of communication in causing and perpetuating social inequality. I argue that a successful justification for anti-hate speech law requires evidence of its harmful effects, as well as a credible attribution of responsibility for these harmful effects
 to the speaker. I argue that both conditions are more likely to be satisfied if our account of the relevant harm is built around claims about speech’s influence on children. I finish by outlining some of the policy implications that might follow from these
 consideration.</span></font><font size="2" color="#212121" style="font-family: Calibri, sans-serif, serif, EmojiFont;"><span style="font-size: 10pt;"><br>
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<div><font size="2" color="#212121"><span style="font-size: 15px;">&nbsp;</span></font><font size="2" color="#212121" style="font-family: Calibri, sans-serif, serif, EmojiFont;"><span style="font-size: 10pt;">&nbsp;</span></font></div>
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<div style="margin: 0px;"><font size="2" color="#212121" style="font-family: Calibri, sans-serif, serif, EmojiFont;"><span style="font-size: 9.5pt;">Contact:&nbsp;</span></font><font size="2" color="#212121" style="font-family: Calibri, sans-serif, serif, EmojiFont;"><span style="font-size: 9.5pt;">Adam</span></font><font size="2" color="#212121" style="font-family: Calibri, sans-serif, serif, EmojiFont;"><span style="font-size: 9.5pt;">&nbsp;</span></font><font size="2" color="#212121" style="font-family: Calibri, sans-serif, serif, EmojiFont;"><span style="font-size: 9.5pt;">Hochman</span></font><font size="2" color="#212121" style="font-family: Calibri, sans-serif, serif, EmojiFont;"><span style="font-size: 9.5pt;">&nbsp;(</span></font><a href="mailto:adam.hochman@mq.edu.au" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer"><font size="2"><span style="font-size: 15px;"><font size="2" color="#1155CC" style="font-family: Calibri, sans-serif, serif, EmojiFont;"><span style="font-size: 9.5pt;">adam</span></font><font size="2" color="#1155CC" style="font-family: Calibri, sans-serif, serif, EmojiFont;"><span style="font-size: 9.5pt;">.</span></font><font size="2" color="#1155CC" style="font-family: Calibri, sans-serif, serif, EmojiFont;"><span style="font-size: 9.5pt;">hochman</span></font><font size="2" color="#1155CC" style="font-family: Calibri, sans-serif, serif, EmojiFont;"><span style="font-size: 9.5pt;">@mq.edu.au</span></font></span></font></a><font size="2" color="#212121" style="font-family: Calibri, sans-serif, serif, EmojiFont;"><span style="font-size: 9.5pt;">)&nbsp;or
 Mike Olson (</span></font><a href="mailto:michael.olson@mq.edu.au" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer"><font size="2"><span style="font-size: 15px;"><font size="2" color="#1155CC" style="font-family: Calibri, sans-serif, serif, EmojiFont;"><span style="font-size: 9.5pt;">michael.olson@mq.edu.au</span></font></span></font></a><font size="2" color="#212121" style="font-family: Calibri, sans-serif, serif, EmojiFont;"><span style="font-size: 9.5pt;">)&nbsp;</span></font></div>
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<div style="margin: 0px;"><font size="2" color="#212121" style="font-family: Calibri, sans-serif, serif, EmojiFont;"><span style="font-size: 9.5pt;">A google calendar with details of other events in this series is available for viewing and subscription by following
 this link</span></font><font size="2" color="#212121" style="font-family: Calibri, sans-serif, serif, EmojiFont;"><span style="font-size: 10pt;">:</span></font><font size="2" color="#212121"><span style="font-size: 10pt;">&nbsp;</span></font><a href="https://goo.gl/3Iu7hk" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer"><font size="2" color="#039BE5"><span style="font-size: 10pt;">goo.gl/3Iu7hk</span></font></a></div>
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<span style="font-family:arial,helvetica,sans-serif; font-size:12px; line-height:15px"><b><span style="font-family:Arial,Helvetica,sans-serif; font-size:9pt">Adam Hochman</span></b><br>
<span style="font-family:Arial,Helvetica,sans-serif; font-size:9pt">Lecturer in Philosophy &amp;&nbsp;Macquarie University Research Fellow</span></span></p>
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 University</span><span style="font-family:Arial,Helvetica,sans-serif; font-size:9pt">, NSW 2109, Australia</span></span></span></p>
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